Next Generation Science Standards Lessons Alignment - Kindergarten

Physical Science

K-PS2 Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
Next Generation Science Standards:

K‑PS2‑1.

Plan and conduct an investigation to compare the effects of different strengths or different directions of pushes and pulls on the motion of an object. 
[Clarification Statement: Examples of pushes or pulls could include a string attached to an object being pulled, a person pushing an object, a person stopping a rolling ball, and two objects colliding and pushing on each other.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to different relative strengths or different directions, but not both at the same time. Assessment does not include non-contact pushes or pulls such as those produced by magnets.]
K‑PS2‑2. Analyze data to determine if a design solution works as intended to change the speed or direction of an object with a push or a pull.*
[Clarification Statement: Examples of problems requiring a solution could include having a marble or other object move a certain distance, follow a particular path, and knock down other objects. Examples of solutions could include tools such as a ramp to increase the speed of the object and a structure that would cause an object such as a marble or ball to turn.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include friction as a mechanism for change in speed.]

Knowing Science Lessons:

Lesson 9 – Measuring distance – Movement

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Measure the distance between objects
  • Measure how far an object has traveled
  • Describe how to get an object at rest to move and how to stop or change the direction of a moving object
  • Explain that a force is a push or a pull on an object
  • Collaborate with other students in small groups in order to work and carry out investigations

 

K-PS3 Energy
Next Generation Science Standards:

K‑PS3‑1.

Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. 
[Clarification Statement: Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.]
K‑PS3‑2. Use tools and materials to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area.* 
[Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include umbrellas, canopies, and tents that minimize the warming effect of the sun.]

Knowing Science Lessons:

Lesson 22 – Sunlight

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Describe that sunlight heats the Earth’s surface
  • Sort test materials by comparing qualitative temperature
  • Determine which among sample materials are best for heat insulation

 

Life Science

K-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
Next Generation Science Standards:

K‑LS1‑1.

Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.  
[Clarification Statement: Examples of patterns could include that animals need to take in food but plants do not; the different kinds of food needed by different types of animals; the requirement of plants to have light; and, that all living things need water.]

Knowing Science Lessons:

Lesson 11 – Our Sensational Senses

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Identify each sense by name
  • Relate the corresponding body part to each sense
  • Use senses to identify properties of objects
  • Compare and classify objects using one or more senses

Lesson 12 – Is it alive?

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Develop criteria to distinguish between living and nonliving things
  • Understand that living things take in nutrients, breathe, grow, respond to the environment, and reproduce within a life cycle
  • Compare basic needs of plants and animals
  • Develop criteria for distinguishing between plants and animals using observable traits

Lesson 13 – How does Your garden grow?

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Identify and describe observable properties of plants
  • Describe requirements for plant growth
  • Use measurement skills to chart plant growth
  • Compare growth patterns of two kinds of plants
  • Record data from the investigation onto a data table and interpret results

Lesson 14 – Plants and their Basic needs

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Explore and explain seeds and their role in plant survival
  • Describe requirements for plant growth
  • Identify observable physical structures of plants and their functions
  • Compare plants that live in different habitats
  • Describe how plants can change their habitats
  • Explore the relationship between humans and plants

Lesson 15 – Animals and their Basic needs

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Understand basic needs of all animals
  • Recognize that some animals care for the basic needs of their offspring and some do not
  • Explain how an animal’s external physical structures contribute to its survival
  • Compare animals that live in different habitats
  • Explore the relationship between humans and animals

 

K-ESS2 Earth's Systems
Next Generation Science Standards:

K‑ESS2‑1.

Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time.  
[Clarification Statement: Examples of qualitative observations could include descriptions of the weather (such as sunny, cloudy, rainy, and warm); examples of quantitative observations could include numbers of sunny, windy, and rainy days in a month. Examples of patterns could include that it is usually cooler in the morning than in the afternoon and the number of sunny days versus cloudy days in different months.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment of quantitative observations limited to whole numbers and relative measures such as warmer/cooler.]

K‑ESS2‑2.

Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs.  
[Clarification Statement: Examples of plants and animals changing their environment could include a squirrel digs in the ground to hide its food and tree roots can break concrete.]

Knowing Science Lessons:

Lesson 14 – Plants and Their Basic Needs

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Explore and explain seeds and their role in plant survival
  • Describe requirements for plant growth
  • Identify observable physical structures of plants and their functions
  • Compare plants that live in different habitats
  • Describe how plants can change their habitats
  • Explore the relationship between humans and plants

Lesson 15 – Animals and Their Basic Needs

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Understand basic needs of all animals
  • Recognize that some animals care for the basic needs of their offspring and some do not
  • Explain how an animal’s external physical structures contribute to its survival
  • Compare animals that live in different habitats
  • Explore the relationship between humans and animals

Lesson 17 – Watching the Weather

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Describe ways that weather influences human behavior
  • Observe and describe weather conditions including temperature, wind speed, precipitation, and sky conditions
  • Record daily observations of general weather conditions
  • Create a bar graph of daily weather observations over time (weekly and monthly)
  • Analyze weather over time to identify patterns

Lesson 18 – Stormy Weather Ahead!

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Explore and explain seeds and their role in plant survival
  • Describe what a weather forecaster does
  • Describe at least two kinds of severe weather
  • Explain what steps families should take to stay safe in severe weather

Lesson 19 – Comparing Seasons

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Name and sequence the four seasons (from any starting point)
  • Explain that seasons are cyclical so the named sequence of the four seasons is repetitive
  • Identify and sort characteristic natural and cultural events and related objects into groups according to the season in which they occur or are used
  • Identify the general timeframe for the occurrence of each season based on cultural and natural events
  • Compare characteristic temperature and precipitation patterns of seasonal weather

 

K-ESS3 Earth and Human Activity
Next Generation Science Standards:

K‑ESS3‑1.

Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live.  
[Clarification Statement: Examples of relationships could include that deer eat buds and leaves, therefore, they usually live in forested areas; and, grasses need sunlight so they often grow in meadows. Plants, animals, and their surroundings make up a system.]

K‑ESS3‑2.

Ask questions to obtain information about the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather.*  
[Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on local forms of severe weather.]

K‑ESS3‑3.

Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.*  
[Clarification Statement: Examples of human impact on the land could include cutting trees to produce paper and using resources to produce bottles. Examples of solutions could include reusing paper and recycling cans and bottles.]

Knowing Science Lessons:

Lesson 14 – Plants and Their Basic Needs

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Explore and explain seeds and their role in plant survival
  • Describe requirements for plant growth
  • Identify observable physical structures of plants and their functions
  • Compare plants that live in different habitats
  • Describe how plants can change their habitats
  • Explore the relationship between humans and plants

Lesson 15 – Animals and Their Basic Needs

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Understand basic needs of all animals
  • Recognize that some animals care for the basic needs of their offspring and some do not
  • Explain how an animal’s external physical structures contribute to its survival
  • Compare animals that live in different habitats
  • Explore the relationship between humans and animals

Lesson 16 – Taking Care of the Earth

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Describe natural resources that all living things need to live and grow
  • Communicate ideas of how people can conserve natural resources
  • Compare observable properties of metal and plastic containers
  • Sort waste into two categories: recyclable and not recyclable
  • Sort recyclables into categories for plastic, paper, and metal
  • Work cooperatively within a group to accomplish a goal

Lesson 17 – Watching the Weather

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Describe ways that weather influences human behavior
  • Observe and describe weather conditions including temperature, wind speed, precipitation, and sky conditions
  • Record daily observations of general weather conditions
  • Create a bar graph of daily weather observations over time (weekly and monthly)
  • Analyze weather over time to identify patterns

Lesson 18 – Stormy Weather Ahead!

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Explore and explain seeds and their role in plant survival
  • Describe what a weather forecaster does
  • Describe at least two kinds of severe weather
  • Explain what steps families should take to stay safe in severe weather

 

Engineering Design

K-2-ETS1 Engineering Design
Next Generation Science Standards:

K-2-ETS1‑1.

Ask questions, make observations, and gather information about a situation people want to change to define a simple problem that can be solved through the development of a new or improved object or tool.
 

K-2-ETS1‑2.

Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve a given problem.
 

K-2-ETS1‑3.

Analyze data from tests of two objects designed to solve the same problem to compare the strengths and weaknesses of how each performs.
 

Knowing Science Lessons:

Lesson 10 – From Clay to Cubes: Making a Product (Kindergarten)

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Propose designs to make cubes from blocks of clay
  • Explain the pros and cons of several designs to produce clay cubes
  • Explain in their own words why engineers design processes that produce as much product (cubes or any other item) as possible from a particular material (yield) with as little waste as possible

Lesson 10 – Good Vibrations! – The Science of Sound (Grade 1)

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Cite evidence that sound causes vibrations
  • Cite evidence that vibrations cause sound
  • Build a device that conducts sound
  • Collaborate with others in small group work

Lesson 16 – Inspired by Nature (Grade 1)

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Identify unique and specialized external structures that help plants and animals meet their basic needs for survival in their own particular habitat
  • Understand the concept of biomimicry and give examples of nature-inspired human technology
  • Use the engineering design process to create an original product, based on nature, to solve a human problem

Lesson 8 – Measuring with a Double Pan Balance (Grade 2)

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Use measuring cubes to balance an object and express the weight of an object in terms of the number of blocks required to balance it
  • Compare the weights of two objects by holding them and predicting which will require more blocks to balance it
  • Relate the activity to real world situations

Lesson 10 – Watching How a Calibrated Scale Works (Grade 2)

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Describe in their own words what happens inside the scale when they weigh an object
  • Use standard metric weights to determine the meaning of the calibrations on the spring scale

Lesson 11 – Weighing with a Calibrated Scale (Grade 2)

The objectives for this lesson are:

  • Use customary weight as the unit of measurement (i.e., standard weight) to confirm the accuracy of the digital scale
  • Weigh objects on a digital scale and read the numbers that represent the weight
  • Relate the activity to real world situations